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17.真知与半知
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17.真知与半知                         

  浮在河边的一根木头上趴着四只青蛙。突然冲来几个浪头,木头顶浪向下游慢慢飘去。青蛙们非常高兴,因为这是它们的首次航行。

  不多久,一只青蛙说话了:"这根木头实在神奇,它会运动,就像有生命一样,真是闻所未闻。"

  第二只青蛙说:"不,朋友,这根木头跟别的木头一样,是不会运动的;运动的是河水,它流向大海,也带动了我们和这根木头。"

  第三只青蛙却说:"木头和河水都不会运动,运动的是我们的意念;没有意念,一切运动都不复存在。"

  三只青蛙为究竟是什么在运动争辩起来,它们越辩越热闹,嗓门也越来越大,但到底还是互不服气。

  于是它们转向第四只青蛙,它一直在细心听着各方的言论,并未作声。青蛙们请它发表见解。

  它说:"你们都对,说得都不错。运动的既是木头,也是河水,也是我们的意念。"

  那三只青蛙听罢勃然大怒,因为谁都不想接受:自己的观点不是完全正确,人家的观点不是完全错误。

  接下来怪事发生了:三只青蛙同仇敌汽,一起使劲把第四只青蛙推进了河中。

 

Knowledge and Half-knowledge

Four frogs sat upon a log that lay floating on the edge of a river. Suddenly the log was caught by the current and swept slowly down the stream. The frogs were delighted and absorbed, for never before had they sailed.
At length the first frog spoke, and said, "This is indeed a most marvellous log. It moves as if alive. No such log was ever known before."
Then the second frog spoke, and said, "Nay, my friend, the log is like other logs, and does not move. It is the river that is walking to the sea, and carries us and the log with it."
And the third frog spoke, and said, "It is neither the log nor the river that moves. The moving is in our thinking. For without thought nothing moves."
And the three frogs began to wrangle about what was really moving. The quarrel grew hotter and louder, but they could not agree.

Then they turned to the fourth frog, who up to this time had been listening attentively but holding his peace, and they asked his opinion.
And the fourth frog said, "Each of you is right, and none of you is wrong. The moving is in the log and the water and our thinking also."
And the three frogs became very angry, for none of them was willing to admit that his was not the whole truth, and that the other two were not wholly wrong.

Then a strange thing happened. The three frogs got together and pushed the fourth frog off the log into the river.

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